Cartografía multitemporal y estrategias para la prevención de inundaciones en una cuenca con predominio agrícola de Argentina


  • María Ximena Solana Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; e Instituto de Geología de Costas y del Cuaternario, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata – Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas Provincia de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Mar del Plata, Argentina.
  • Asunción Romanelli Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; e Instituto de Geología de Costas y del Cuaternario, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata – Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas Provincia de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Mar del Plata, Argentina.
  • Orlando Mauricio Quiroz Londoño Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; e Instituto de Geología de Costas y del Cuaternario, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata – Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas Provincia de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Mar del Plata, Argentina.


Palabras clave:

Google Earth Engine, Imágenes Landsat, Índices Espectrales, Cartografía de inundaciones, Estrategias de Prevención a la Inundación


En este estudio se propone un método semiautomático para la cartografía de la extensión y frecuencia de las inundaciones en una cuenca hidrográfica con predominio agrícola, seleccionándose la cuenca del Río Quequén Grande como caso de estudio. Mediante la combinación de índices diferenciales normalizadoscalculados a partir de imágenes Landsat y la aplicación del método de umbralización desarrollado por Otsu en el entorno de Google Earth Engine (GEE), se definieron dos categorías para las inundaciones: superficies de inundación abiertas (OFS) y vegetación inundada (FV). El análisis de la frecuencia histórica de las inundaciones permitió la propuesta de estrategias de prevención a las inundaciones dirigidas a ser implementadas en cada clase de frecuencia de inundación definida, siendo esencial para la mitigación de inundaciones en cuencas hidrográficas con predominio agrícola.


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Cómo citar

Solana, M. X., Romanelli, A., & Quiroz Londoño, O. M. (2023). Cartografía multitemporal y estrategias para la prevención de inundaciones en una cuenca con predominio agrícola de Argentina. Cuadernos Del CURIHAM, 29, 191.